Frappato is a red wine grape variety primarily grown in Sicily, Italy. Here’s a detailed description covering various aspects of Frappato:

History of Origin:

The exact origins of Frappato are not well-documented, but it is believed to have ancient roots in Sicily. It has been cultivated in the region for centuries, contributing to the rich viticultural history of the island.

Region of Origin:

Frappato is primarily associated with Sicily, where it is widely cultivated in various subregions. The grape thrives in the warm and sunny climate of the island, benefiting from the maritime influence of the surrounding Mediterranean Sea.

Origin of Name:

The name “Frappato” is derived from the Italian word “frappare,” meaning to shake or beat. It is thought to refer to the thin-skinned nature of the grape, which makes it susceptible to damage during transportation.

Cultivation Regions:

Frappato is predominantly grown in the southeastern part of Sicily, particularly in the provinces of Ragusa and Siracusa. The wine-producing regions of Vittoria and Cerasuolo di Vittoria are well-known for their Frappato wines. The grape is often blended with Nero d’Avola to produce the Cerasuolo di Vittoria DOCG, a prestigious Sicilian wine.

Characteristics of the Variety:

  • Viticulture: Frappato vines are known for their vigorous growth and can be prone to high yields if not properly managed. Vine training systems, such as Guyot and spurred cordon, are commonly used to control yields and improve grape quality.
  • Clusters and Berries: Frappato grapes typically form medium-sized, loose clusters with thin-skinned berries. The thin skin makes the grape susceptible to disease and rot, requiring careful attention during cultivation.

Characteristics of the Wine:

  • Color and Aroma: Frappato wines are known for their bright red color with purple hues. The wines are often praised for their aromatic profile, featuring notes of red berries, especially cherry and raspberry. Some expressions may also exhibit floral and herbal aromas.
  • Acidity and Tannins: Frappato wines are characterized by a refreshing acidity, providing a lively and vibrant quality. The tannins are generally soft, making the wines approachable and enjoyable in their youth.
  • Palate: Frappato wines are medium-bodied, offering a combination of fruitiness and elegance. The palate is often marked by a balanced acidity, moderate alcohol levels, and a smooth finish.
  • Versatility: Frappato is a versatile grape that can be vinified in various styles, from light and fruity reds to more structured and complex expressions. It is often used in blends to complement other indigenous Sicilian varieties, such as Nero d’Avola.

In summary, Frappato is an intriguing grape variety with a long history in Sicily, producing wines known for their vibrant fruit flavors, refreshing acidity, and versatility. The grape’s delicate nature requires careful cultivation and winemaking practices to showcase its best qualities.

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