Muscat of Alexandria

Muscat of Alexandria, also known as Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains, is one of the oldest and most widely planted grape varieties in the world. Here is a comprehensive description covering various aspects of this grape:

History of Origin:

  • Ancient Roots: Muscat of Alexandria has a long and storied history, with its origins dating back to ancient times. It is believed to have originated in the Eastern Mediterranean, possibly in ancient Egypt.

Region of Origin:

  • Mediterranean Basin: The grape variety is well-suited to warm and dry climates, and it thrives in regions around the Mediterranean, including Egypt, Greece, and Spain.

Origin of Name:

  • Muscat Varietals: The name “Muscat” refers to a family of grape varieties known for their distinct and aromatic characteristics. “Alexandria” in the name likely alludes to the grape’s historical connections with the city of Alexandria in Egypt.

Cultivation Regions:

  • Global Spread: Muscat of Alexandria has been widely planted across the world, adapting to various climates. Besides the Mediterranean, it can be found in regions such as California, South Africa, Australia, and parts of South America.

Characteristics of the Variety:

  • Vine: Muscat of Alexandria vines are vigorous and can be quite productive. The grape clusters are medium to large, and the berries are round and usually pale green or yellow.
  • Aroma: Muscat grapes are renowned for their intense and distinctive floral aroma, often described as having notes of orange blossom, rose petals, and citrus.
  • Flavor: The grapes are sweet and have a rich, musky flavor, which contributes to the grape’s popularity for making sweet wines.

Characteristics of the Wine:

  • Sweet and Fortified Wines: Muscat of Alexandria is commonly used for producing sweet and fortified wines. The high sugar content of the grapes makes them ideal for dessert wines and fortified wines such as Muscat or Muscatel.
  • Aromatics: Muscat of Alexandria wines are celebrated for their aromatic profile, displaying a captivating bouquet of floral and fruity notes.
  • Flavor Profile: The wines can feature flavors of orange blossom, musk, apricot, and citrus. The sweetness is balanced by the grape’s natural acidity.

Food Pairing:

  • Desserts: Muscat of Alexandria wines pair exceptionally well with a variety of desserts, particularly those featuring stone fruits, citrus, and honey.
  • Cheese: They also complement a range of cheeses, including blue cheese and creamy goat cheese.


Muscat of Alexandria stands out not only for its historical significance but also for its aromatic qualities that contribute to the production of delightful sweet and fortified wines. Its adaptability to different climates has led to its widespread cultivation, ensuring its continued presence in the global wine industry.

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