Madeleine Angevine

Madeleine Angevine is a white wine grape variety known for its aromatic qualities and is primarily used for wine production. Here’s a detailed description covering various aspects of this grape:

History of Origin:

Madeleine Angevine originated in the Loire Valley of France. It is a hybrid grape variety, the result of a cross between the Madeleine Royale and Précoce de Malingre varieties. The hybridization was carried out by a French grape breeder named Dr. François Baco in the early 20th century. The goal was to create a grape with early ripening characteristics, making it suitable for cooler climates.

Region of Origin:

The Loire Valley, particularly the Anjou region, is the birthplace of the Madeleine Angevine grape. However, it has spread to other wine regions around the world, where it thrives in cooler climates.

Origin of Name:

The name “Madeleine Angevine” is derived from its parental lineage, combining “Madeleine” from Madeleine Royale and “Angevine” referring to the Anjou region of the Loire Valley where it was developed.

Cultivation Regions:

Madeleine Angevine has found success in various cool-climate regions worldwide. It is often cultivated in regions with maritime influences and cooler temperatures, as the grape tends to ripen early. Countries such as the United Kingdom, Germany, New Zealand, and the United States (particularly in the Pacific Northwest) have embraced this grape variety.

Characteristics of the Variety:

  • Viticultural Characteristics: Madeleine Angevine is known for its adaptability to cooler climates and early ripening, making it suitable for regions with shorter growing seasons. The vines are vigorous and can be relatively high-yielding.
  • Berry and Cluster Characteristics: The grapes are small to medium-sized with a thin skin. The clusters are typically loose, allowing for good air circulation which can help prevent disease in cool, damp climates.

Characteristics of the Wine:

  • Aromas and Flavors: Madeleine Angevine wines are renowned for their aromatic profile, often exhibiting floral and fruity notes. Common descriptors include elderflower, citrus, green apple, and sometimes a hint of tropical fruits.
  • Acidity: The grape tends to retain a refreshing acidity, contributing to the overall structure of the wine. This acidity makes Madeleine Angevine wines suitable for both still and sparkling styles.
  • Styles: Madeleine Angevine wines are often crafted in a dry style, though some off-dry or slightly sweet versions can also be found. The varietal is commonly used for still white wines, but there are instances where it is employed in sparkling wine production.

In summary, Madeleine Angevine is a versatile white wine grape with a history rooted in the Loire Valley. Its adaptability to cooler climates and distinctive aromatic qualities have led to its cultivation in various wine regions worldwide, where it continues to produce wines appreciated for their floral and fruity characteristics.

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