Jacquère is a white wine grape variety that is primarily cultivated in the Savoie region of France. Below is a comprehensive description covering various aspects of Jacquère:

History of Origin:

The exact origin of Jacquère is not well-documented, but it is believed to have originated in the Savoie region of eastern France. The grape has been cultivated in this Alpine region for centuries, and its history is closely tied to the winemaking traditions of Savoie.

Region of Origin:

Jacquère is primarily associated with the Savoie region, which is situated in the eastern part of France near the Alps. The Savoie wine region is known for its diverse terroirs and cool climate, making it suitable for the cultivation of white grape varieties like Jacquère.

Origin of Name:

The origin of the name “Jacquère” is not definitively known. Some believe it may be derived from the word “jaque,” referring to a light-colored cloth, which could be a description of the grape’s appearance. Others suggest a connection to a local term for a shepherd’s hut, reflecting its historical presence in the Alpine landscapes of Savoie.

Cultivation Regions:

While Jacquère is primarily grown in Savoie, it is not widely planted outside this region. The grape thrives in cool climates and is well-suited to the high-altitude vineyards of Savoie. The vineyards are often planted on steep slopes, taking advantage of the varied elevations and exposures in the region.

Characteristics of the Variety:

  • Vine: Jacquère vines are vigorous and hardy, adapting well to the challenging conditions of the Alpine climate. They are known for their productivity.
  • Clusters and Grapes: The grape clusters are medium-sized, and the berries are small with a thin skin. This contributes to the grape’s ability to retain acidity in the cool climate of Savoie.
  • Ripening: Jacquère typically ripens early, making it well-suited to the shorter growing season in the mountainous region.

Characteristics of the Wine:

  • Color: Jacquère wines are pale yellow to greenish in color, reflecting the grape’s thin skin and the cool climate in which it is grown.
  • Aromas: The wines are known for their fresh and delicate aromas, often featuring notes of green apple, citrus, and floral elements.
  • Acidity: One of the defining characteristics of Jacquère wines is their high acidity, providing a crisp and refreshing quality.
  • Alcohol Content: Jacquère wines are generally low to moderate in alcohol, contributing to their easy-drinking and food-friendly nature.
  • Palate: The palate of Jacquère wines is light-bodied with a clean and mineral-driven profile. The high acidity makes them particularly well-suited to pair with the local cuisine of Savoie, which often includes cheese and freshwater fish.

In summary, Jacquère is a white grape variety with a long history in the Savoie region of France. Its wines are known for their crisp acidity, light body, and fresh fruit and floral aromas, making them a delightful expression of the Alpine terroir. The grape’s cultivation is closely tied to the unique environmental conditions of the Savoie region, and it remains a key component in the production of wines that showcase the character of this picturesque and mountainous area.

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